forum Discussions

EU Temporary Protection Responses to the  Ukraine War and the Future of the EU Asylum System

April 2022

Editors: Dr Sergio Carrera (CEPS) and Dr Meltem Ineli Ciger (Suleyman Demirel University)

The second ASILE Forum assesses the responses of the EU and the Member States to the forced displacement from Ukraine and activation of the Temporary Protection Directive 2001/55/EC in Europe. The Forum examines European responses to the large-scale arrival of persons fleeing the war in Ukraine and various policies implemented to respond to the mass displacement such as temporary protection, as well as their implications for international and EU asylum law and policy. 

The Forum features a kick-off Paper, followed by contributions written by renowned refugee law and policy scholars. The Forum aims at bringing together various contributors examining issues including but not limited to responses of the EU, and countries like Poland, Hungary, Romania, and the UK to the large-scale arrival of persons fleeing the war in Ukraine, specific aspects of the activation and implementation of the Temporary Protection Directive 2001/55/EC, lessons learned from previous responses to mass influx situations in Europe and elsewhere around the world, and the issues in relation to fundamental rights and the principle of non-discrimination. 

The Forum seeks to investigate in a comprehensive manner whether Europe can establish a response to the large-scale displacement and asylum seeking from Ukraine which ensures its effectiveness, fairness and consistency with international and regional human rights and refugee law standards, and in line with the UN Global Compact on Refugees. The Forum assesses whether this will lead to a paradigm shift for the EU asylum law and policy, and its currently guiding principles, in the long term. 

The Forum will run from now until the end of May 2022.

Participation in the Forum is by invitation only, and any unsolicited contribution may be considered and assessed by the editors. If you wish to send a contribution to the Forum please contact

If you want to receive news on the newly uploaded contributions, you can register for our ASILE Newsletter. 


Visas Still Required: The UK Response to the Protection Needs Generated by Russian Aggression in Ukraine, Alan Desmond, 13 April 2022

Addressing security and criminality concerns: the Temporary Protection Directive’s ‘exclusion clauses’ unpacked, Sarah Singer, 13 April 2022

Temporary Protection: The Ukrainian Field Trial, Julian Lehman & Angeliki Dimitriadi, 25 April 2022

Stabilisation of emergency measures: Poland’s refugee reception system one month after the Russian attack on Ukraine, Marta Jaroszewicz & Mateusz Krępa, 27 April 2022

Preferential, differential or discriminatory? EU protection arrangements for persons displaced from Ukraine, Julia Kienast, Nikolas Feith Tan and Jens Vedsted-Hansen, 27 April 2022

Frontex Assisting in the Ukrainian Displacement – A Welcoming Committee at racialised passage?, Mariana Gkliati, 6 May 2022

Temporary Protection and European Racism, Achilles Skordas, 3 June 2022

Receiving Ukrainian Refugees in the EU: A Case of Solidarity?, Eleni Karageorgiou & Gregor Noll, 3 June 2022

Access to Asylum in Europe at the Time of the Temporary Protection for Ukrainians and Beyond – Conflicting Models and the Potential Role of Domestic Courts, Daniela Vitiello, 7 June 2022

The importance of early, proactive, and transparent measures for a successful local integration process, Hakkı Onur Ariner, 10 June 2022

Temporary Protection and EU Solidarity: Reflecting on European Racism, Dora Kostakopoulou, 13 June 2022

The proximity trap: how geography is misused in the differential treatment of Ukrainian refugees to hide for the underlying global apartheid in the European border regime, Rodrigo Bueno Lacy & Henk van Houtum, 27 June 2022

Are those fleeing Ukraine refugees?, Hugo Storey, 28 June 2022

Registration insights from Turkey’s Temporary Protection experience, Yigit Kader, 1 July 2022

The Registration of Beneficiaries of Temporary Protection: Eurodac to the Rescue?, Niovi Vavoula, 25 August 2022

The right to choose country of asylum: The 1951 Convention and the EU’s Temporary Protection Directive, Gamze Ovacık, 31 August 2022

Attitudes towards Ukrainian refugees and governmental responses in 8 European countries,  Lenka Dražanová and Andrew Geddes, 6 September 2022

Next Step after the Termination of Temporary Protection Regime: Transition to RSD Procedures?,  Ayşe Dicle Ergin, 21 September 2022

The eternal question: What does “mass influx” really mean? Reflections after the first activation of the Temporary Protection Directive 2001/55, Nuria Arenas-Hidalgo,  4 October 2022

Reasons for the Activation of the Temporary Protection Directive in 2022: A Tale of Double Standards, Meltem Ineli Ciger,  6 October 2022

The Declaration on a Voluntary Solidarity Mechanism and EU Asylum Policy: One Step Forward, Three Steps Back on Equal Solidarity, closing paper by Sergio Carrera and Roberto Cortinovis, 7 October 2022