EU Third Country Arrangements:

Human Rights Compatibility & Attribution of Responsibility

Written by Julia Kienast (Aarhus University), Nikolas Feith Tan (DIHR) & Jens Vedsted-Hansen (Aarhus University) / March 2023

The paper identifies specific forms of EU cooperation with selected third countries that give rise to questions of compatibility with binding norms of international, European and EU law. The paper further applies principles of responsibility attribution under international and European human rights law to often complex multi-actor migration management contexts.

In particular, the authors identify four types of EU arrangements with third countries that raise particular rights compatibility or responsibility attribution questions. The examination of these different forms of cooperation is based on recent ASILE Country Reports on asylum governance in Turkey, Serbia, Tunisia and Niger.